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Female Diseases

Anatomy and Physiology

The external genital organs of the female are two pair of lips called respectively labia majora and labia minora; concealed behind these are two passages—one very small and situated above, is the urethra, the pipe that conveys urine out of the bladder to outside the other, interiorly situated and more prominent and large, the vagina, the passage for sexual intercourse and birth of the child. Inside the pelvis of the women, hanging between the bladder in front and rectum behind, are the internal organs of generation. Situated at the inner end of the vagina is the hard-muscular organ called Uterus or womb. It is composed chiefly of muscles and is therefore capable of growing into big proportions with the development of the foetus—and is lined on its interior by a mucus surface called endo-metrium. Arising from the upper end of the uterus, on both sides, are fallopian tubes which lie over the ovaries.

We tabulate these below.

Externally Labia Majora, Labia Minora; Vagina.
Internally Uterus, Fallopian tubes, Ovaries.
Uterus Its top is called Fundus; its elongated lower portion is called Cervix; its lower opening into the vagina is called the Os. It is lined by endometrium and its body is muscular.

The parts corresponding to the male organs are: —

Vagina and Uterus Penis and Urethra
Uterus Vesiculae Seminalis
Fallopian tubes Nil
Ovaries Testicles

The ovaries and fallopian tubes are often called the uterine appendages or adnexa.

Once every 28th day, a female who is past 11 years of age and upto 45 years of age, passes blood from her genitals for 4 successive days. But each woman is a law unto herself in respect of the age at which menses commences (the age of puberty) and the age at which it stops (menopause) and the duration of her menstrual period. Conception has absolutely no relation to menses; it can occur independently of menstruation. Menstruation simply indicates that the sexual life of a woman has begun. Menstruation is usually associated with the bursting of an ovum in the ovaries and renewing of the uterine endomentrium.

Conception is the result of fusion of some spermatozoa (from the semen deposited into the vagina by the male organ) with an ovum discharged from one of the ovaries. The union takes place in the Fallopian tube by way of the ovum to the uterus. This fusion is the starting point of life of creature.

Remember that no homoeopathic medicine should be given immediately before or during menstruation; it can be given immediately after cessation of menses.

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