Know the difference between Inguinal Hernia and Hydrocele

Know the difference between Inguinal Hernia and Hydrocele

People are often confused about inguinal hernia and hydrocele.

Inguinal hernia and hydrocele are two different diseases, but because they affect the lower part of the abdomen and especially the testicles, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate between them. Inguinal hernia is also called inguinal hernia, this type of hernia occurs in the lower part of the abdomen. In this, the intestine slips into the testicle with the help of a thin testicle tube. At the same time, in hydrocele, the testicles fill with water, sometimes there is pain in it and sometimes it is not. In both cases, people are often unable to differentiate between an inguinal hernia and a hydrocele because of the swelling.

Know the difference between inguinal hernia and hydrocele


Hydrocele is a disease in men. 10 out of every 100 men have this disease. In this disease, due to the water in the testicles, their size increases. In most cases it occurs on one side of the testicle, but sometimes it can happen on both sides. Most cases of hydrocele are congenital, but this disease can also occur in the future due to any injury, inflammation etc.

There are mainly two types of hydroceles, which may include:

Communicating Hydrocele- When the testicle is not able to close completely and along with it there is a problem of pain and swelling in the testicle, then such condition is called Communicating Hydrocele. Its problem can be mainly in the patients of hernia.

Noncommunicating hydrocele- This condition occurs when the fluid remaining in the body when the scrotum is closed is not able to accumulate in the body. The problem of Non Communicating Hydrocele can be seen mainly in newborn babies. Especially if your baby is under one year old, he may be at higher risk of getting it.

What are the symptoms of hydrocele?

Symptoms of a hydrocele can include:

  • sudden pain in the testicles
  • Recurrent pain sometime after treatment with painkillers
  • swelling of the testicles
  • enlargement of testicles
  • difficulty walking
  • having trouble sitting

What are the causes of hydrocele?

The following conditions can cause hydrocele problems, including:

  • The time of the last months of pregnancy- If a woman is in the third trimester of pregnancy and is nearing labor pain, but she has some kind of problem, then the baby in the womb may be at higher risk of getting it. However, it can only affect male babies.
  • Having a hernia
  • Genetics reasons
  • Testicle injury
  • Having symptoms of prostate cancer

Hydrocele treatment

Hydrocele is usually not dangerous and does not cause any effect on the testicles. In the initial stage, hydrocele can also be cured with medicines, after it has increased, it has to be operated. When the hydrocele enlarges, its pain becomes unbearable. Due to this there may be problem in blood circulation. In this case, it is treated with surgery. In many cases, the extra fluid is taken out of the testicles by injection.

What is an inguinal hernia?

Inguinal hernia occurs when the tube leading to the testicles does not close properly during birth. From this empty space the nerves and some part of the intestines descend into the testicles. When this happens, the size of the testicle increases. Due to the swelling of the testicles, it becomes difficult to differentiate between hydrocele and hernia. This type of hernia is found in men and it can also take a fatal form. About 70 percent of hernia patients have this hernia, which causes terrible pain.

Let us tell you that inguinal hernia is a type of hernia.

There are mainly three types of hernias, which include:

Inguinal hernia – This is considered the most common type of hernia. It is also known as inguinal hernia. It can occur mainly in the thigh joint. However, in this, the intestine can slip into the testicle with the help of a thin testicle, which can also cause swelling in the testicles and pain in severe cases.

Femoral hernia – Femoral hernia mainly occurs when the abdominal organs come out of the artery going from the thigh to the leg. Hernia or this form can mainly affect men more.

Umbilical hernia – This type of hernia is mainly related to the navel, which can occur when the weakest abdominal muscles protrude from the navel.

Symptoms of hernia

Hernias have no specific symptoms, but the following conditions can increase your risk, including:

  • Swelling and pain in the testicles or lower abdomen
  • Pain that gets worse with muscle strain and lifting heavy objects
  • Increased pain level even with weight gain, persistent cough and sneezing, constipation

Inguinal hernia treatment

If the inguinal hernia gets bigger, surgery is the only option. In this, doctors first send the intestines or nerves that have descended in the testicles back to the place. After this, the torn membrane or abdominal wall is closed with sutures or additional support. By applying support, the chances of getting an inguinal hernia in the future are reduced. But after surgery, the patient has to take care of many things.


It is often difficult to differentiate between an inguinal hernia and a hydrocele. Always seek the help of a doctor in such a situation. Because both inguinal hernia and hydrocele can be dangerous as the disease progresses. If you have any questions regarding your problem, please do not forget to consult your doctor.

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