What is Intestinal Tuberculosis (TB)? : TB is a rapidly spreading bacterial infection and has many types and symptoms. In which Intestinal TB is also included. This disease, which is spread by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, affects the lungs first. However, sometimes its infection reaches many other parts of the body such as the intestines. Sometimes its treatment through medicine lasts for several months.
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How common is intestinal TB?
Intestinal TB is very common in developing countries. This disease can happen to a person of any age group. To prevent this, it is necessary to be aware of the possible dangers. Contact your doctor for more information.
What are the symptoms of intestinal TB?
There are various symptoms of intestinal TB such as:
- lower abdominal pain
- weight loss
- night sweats
- constipation problem
- bleeding from the stool
Apart from all this, many symptoms can also appear in this disease. Always consult your doctor.
When to show intestinal TB to the doctor?
If you notice the above-mentioned symptoms or have any questions in your mind, it is best that you consult your doctor. Because every person’s body responds differently to every disease, but do not panic. These symptoms can also be due to some other disease. So only the doctor will be able to diagnose it correctly.
How does the risk of intestinal TB increase?
The risk of intestinal TB increases for the following reasons:
- having immunodeficiency disease HIV etc.
- being underweight
- head or neck cancer
Certain medical treatments that affect your immunity
Note: The information given here is not a substitute for any medical advice. Always take the advice of your doctor.
How are intestinal TB tests done?
The following tests may be done for intestinal TB:
- Lab Tests: In lab tests, blood loss and erythrocyte accumulation are seen through blood tests.
- Radiology: TB is confirmed by chest radiography.
- A test called Barium enema and barium meal is done.
- Lymphangiography : In this test, X-rays are done by giving a special type of injection.
- medical ultrasound
- CT scan
- Gallium citrate scans
- Colonoscopy Test
- Laparoscopy Test
- Serum antibodies Serum antibodies test
How is intestinal TB treated?
Intestinal TB is treated with medicines. Surgery is done only when the problem worsens.
Through medicines: From 18 months to two years, the patient has to take medicines named Isoniazid (300 mg) and Rifampin (600 mg) daily. If some other potential danger is seen through the phlegm of the patient, one gram of Streptomycin is given daily for two to three months. Apart from this, in view of other symptoms of TB, more medicines are also given.
Surgery: When TB of the intestine becomes severe and starts creating a blockage in the intestine, then the help of surgery is taken. But surgery in this situation would have been extremely dangerous. The risk of death in such surgery is highest. In this situation, chemotherapy is also given 4 to 8 weeks before the surgery. At the same time, chemotherapy continues for about 18 months after the operation.
What are the side effects of treating intestinal TB?
Along with medicines, surgery and therapy can also be taken to treat intestinal TB. However, there is a risk of some possible side effects, which may include:
- fever for three or more days
- severe lower abdominal pain
- body itching or rash
- frequent vomiting
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- dark urine
- tingling or numbness in the extremities
- always feeling tired
If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
Also, keep in mind that you should take the medicines prescribed by your doctor till your doctor says not to take it. Intestinal TB or other types of TB take a long time to treat. If you notice an improvement in your health during the course of treatment, continue your treatment process.
During the treatment of intestinal TB, also keep these important things in mind:
- If you have intestinal TB or other types of TB, go out of the house to a minimum.
- Spend as much time at home as possible even during TB treatment.
- Stay in a well-ventilated and well-lit room.
- Do not roam in crowded places.
- You can also spend some time in the morning sunlight.
Bring these changes in life to avoid and deal with intestinal TB:
People who have intestinal TB should take rest at home. They should avoid going out unless the doctor tells them to. Its treatment can last from a week to several months. If your doctor confirms that your TB can no longer be spread, you can resume your daily activities. If your treatment is going on at home, then you should take full care that your TB does not pass on to your family members. These bacteria spread through the air, so always wear a mask on the mouth. Cover your mouth with tissue paper while coughing or sneezing and throw it away safely. Keep in mind that there should be adequate ventilation in the room where the patient is. If you want, you can put a fan in the direction of the window, so that the infected air keeps coming out.
The most important thing is that the patient should take all his medicines on time without forgetting. Because stopping medicines in between becomes difficult to treat TB. TB is no longer an incurable disease. TB patient gets cured easily. Just keep following the doctor’s instructions.
Hope you have got the necessary information related to intestinal TB through this article. Please consult an expert for more information. If you have any other question, you can ask here. We will try our best to answer all your questions in the comment box. You must share this article to make your near and dear ones aware of this information.