Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis: Know what is TB of bones and joints?

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Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis: Know what is TB of bones and joints?

TB of bones and joints (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis)

Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis is a type of TB, which is TB of bones and joints. It is also called bone TB. TB is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Mtb) mainly affects the respiratory system and digestive system. But through the blood it also spreads to other parts of the body. Such TB is Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis. At the same time, in many patients, TB occurs in many places at once, which is called Multifocal Skeletal Tuberculosis.

How common is bone and joint tuberculosis (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis)?

TB (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis) of bones and joints can happen to a person of any age and at any time. It can make any bone in the body its prey. Do consult a doctor for more information. According to a report in the Indian Journal of Rheumatology, tuberculosis (TB) in India accounts for one-fourth of the global cases. About 2.8 lakh new cases of TB are reported every year. In which the most common form of TB of the lungs is involved. However, 10 percent of these cases are also of extra-pulmonary TB (EPTB).

According to a report by the Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP), EPTB accounts for 20 per cent of the total TB cases in India. Of these, osteoarticular TB cases range from 1% to 5%. At the same time, septic arthritis accounts for 28.3 percent of spinal TB cases, osteomyelitis 10.1 percent, tenosynovitis 4.0 percent, bursitis 2% and pyomyositis 2 percent of the cases.

TB of bones and joints usually develops slowly in the form of chronic monoarthritis, which infectiously affects the joints, knees and hips. Apart from this, TB of bones and joints can be most common in people suffering from the problem of arthritis. TB can directly infect the musculoskeletal system and on the other hand arthritis patients are also at increased risk of contracting TB infection of bones and joints due to various reasons. Manifestations of bone and joint tuberculosis (musculoskeletal tuberculosis) can be classified into four groups:

  • Direct musculoskeletal tuberculosis infections, such as spondylitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, pyomyositis, bursitis, subcutaneous abscess, and tenosynovitis
  • TB infection in patients with gout
  • Drug-induced syndromes – antitubercular treatment (ATT)-induced lupus, tenosynovitis, hyperuricemia, gout, etc.
  • Reactive phenomena such as Poncet’s disease, erythema nodosum, erythema induratum and amyloidosis.

Apart from this, TB of bones and joints can happen to people of any age. However, its symptoms appear late, due to which its treatment is often delayed.

What are the symptoms of TB of bones and joints? (Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis)

The main symptom of TB (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis) of bones and joints is pain in many parts of the body as the spinal cord is usually affected in this TB. Apart from this, symptoms like fever and weight loss are seen. In many cases, there is a strange swelling in which there is no burning or pain of any kind. In this type of TB no symptoms are directly related to the bones which is why it is very difficult to detect such TB.

Apart from this, there may be some other symptoms of this type of TB. If you have any problem regarding these, do not forget to contact your doctor

When to see the doctor?

If you see any of the above symptoms, then medical advice is necessary. Keep in mind that people’s bodies respond differently to each disease. In such a situation, it is best to talk to the doctor about your condition.

What causes TB of bones and joints (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis)?

Mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria are the biggest cause of TB. At the same time, infection in other organs spreads after becoming TB. TB bacteria travel through the blood to the bones and other organs. After this, it starts causing a wound at that place, which is called a tubercle . These microscopic lesions are called Microscopic Lesions. These are of two types Caseating Exudative and Proliferating . The type of wounds a person gets depends on his body and immunity.

What causes the risk of TB of bones and joints?

TB of bones and joints (Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis) can occur at any age. It can reach your bones at any time through infection. Please consult your doctor for more information.

How is TB of bones and joints diagnosed?

TB of bones and joints is usually diagnosed late, as these symptoms are often not visible or understood. Timely detection of this disease is also necessary so that the person can be saved from becoming disabled. New technology such as CT scan, MRI this disease is easily detected through

What are the symptoms of TB of bones and joints? (Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis)

The following are the symptoms of TB of bones and joints.

  • Removal of infection completely
  • Relieve pain
  • Repair bone and joint damage
  • Correcting spinal disorders

This is how treatment

  • Chemotherapy
  • The doctor recommends rest.
  • Essential exercises for joints

If a person has had TB in the spinal cord, then he is advised to rest for 12 to 16 weeks after the treatment. The person may have to remain in bed for the entire period. During this time there is a restriction on sitting or standing. You can just help him turn. If there is a slight negligence in this, then surgery may be needed again.

Measures to avoid TB of bones and joints

  • Eat a balanced and nutritious diet that is rich in protein and nutrients. Like eggs, fish, lentils, green vegetables, fruits, etc.
  • avoid crowded places
  • Do not consume alcohol, cigarettes

If you have any questions regarding your problem, please do not forget to consult your doctor.

Note: If you are starting to exercise for the first time, then do it after consulting a fitness expert. During this, keep in mind that if the body is dehydrated during exercise, drink water in between while exercising. Do yoga regularly to keep diseases away. By doing yoga regularly, you can get rid of body pain.

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