GENITAL SYSTEM

GENITAL SYSTEM In the male, testicles secrete a fluid rich in spermatozoa and this fluid in conjunction with that from prostate and seminal vesicles, forms what is called semen. It is the living spermatozoa found in abundance in the semen…

CUTANEOUS SYSTEM

CUTANEOUS SYSTEM The skin contains two sets of glands, one of these secretes sweat (perspiration) and the other sebum or fat that keeps our skin smooth, soft and velvety. The ‘pores’ which we see on our skin are the mouths of sweat-ducts.…

URINARY SYSTEM

URINARY SYSTEM All the absorbed food-matter that passes from the intestines into the portal vein, is rich in protein and carbohydrates. The protein even is converted into amino-acid by digestion, absorbed by intestinal villi; and the…

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

CIRCULATORY SYSTEM Blood as we have seen elsewhere, is partly fluid (plasma) and partly solid (red and white corpuscles). The plasma is the fluid that is carried to each individual cell of every part of the body-to give oxygen, salts and…

RESPIRATORY ORGANS

RESPIRATORY ORGANS The act of respiration consists in (a) absorbing oxygen into blood, and (b) giving out carbon dioxide (shortly called C02) from the blood. Each act of respiration includes one act of inspiration (or drawing air from…

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM The objective of digestion is to render food-matter fit for absorption and having rendered it so, to get it into the blood (assimilation). Digestion then includes three processes— liquefaction of food-matter, its…

FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY

FUNCTIONS OF THE HUMAN BODY We have gone through the anatomy of the body in the previous chapter, and now in this chapter we will briefly refer to its Physiology—that is to say its normal functioning in health. The final unit of any…

THE EARS

THE EARS ANATOMY The External Ear consists of (a) the pinna or the cartilage which focuses sound, and (b) the external auditory meatus, which is the opening to the canal that reaches from the bottom of the pinna to the tympanitic membrane.…

THE EYES

THE EYES The eyes comprise (a) the eye-ball or globe and (b) its appendages. The appendages comprise: 1. The Eyebrows which are arched eminences surrounded by hairs, situated over each orbit. 2. The Eye-lids (upper and lower)— are two…

GENITAL SYSTEM ANATOMY

GENITAL SYSTEM ANATOMY In the Male—The external organ is the penis; it consists of a body, root (buried in the perineum) and the conical end or glans. The body of penis is composed of two cylindrical corpora cavernosa (the spaces of which…

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