What is thyroid? Know its causes, symptoms, types and treatment in Homeopathy.: Thyroid is a type of gland, which is located in the front of the neck. This gland is butterfly shaped and controls your body’s metabolism. This gland also produces many important hormones using iodine. Thyroxine i.e., T4 is one such major hormone produced by this gland. After thyroxine is transported through the blood to the body’s tissues, some part of it is converted into the most active hormone called triiodothyronine i.e., T3.
Apart from this, the food we eat works to convert it into energy. Apart from this, it also affects your heart, muscles, bones and cholesterol. Thyroid is also known as silent killer. Because its symptoms do not appear together. The symptoms of thyroid problems in men depend on the type of problem, it can be due to any underlying cause, overall health, lifestyle changes and ongoing treatment with medications.
The thyroid gland is completely controlled by the brain. When thyroid hormone levels are low, thyrotropin, a part of the brain called the hypothalamus, releases a hormone called thyrotropin. Because of this, the pituitary gland present in the lower part of the brain produces thyroid stimulating hormone, due to which the thyroid gland starts releasing more thyroxine.
Table of Contents
These are the types of thyroids
- Thyroid Nodule
- Thyroid Cancer
Hyperthyroidism can lead to osteoporosis and fractures. Wherein hypothyroidism, myxedema causes coma and death. The most common cause of thyroid problems is autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). It is a hereditary condition in which the immune system produces antibodies. It stimulates the thyroid glands to make more hormones.
The following symptoms may appear in hypothyroidism:
- Lethargy and Lethargy
- Dry Skin
- Constipation Disease
- Muscle and Joint Pain
- Heavy Bleeding During Periods in Women
- To Be Weak
- Sudden Weight Gain
- Hair Fall
- Weakening of Nails
- Excessive Thirst
- Change in Voice
The following symptoms may appear in hyperthyroidism
- Fast Heart Rate
- Inability to Tolerate Heat
- Frequent Bowel Movements
- Sweat a Lot
- Sudden Weight Loss
The following symptoms may appear in a thyroid nodule
The lumps of flesh in the body during thyroid are called thyroid nodules. These may be one or more and their sizes may also vary. If their size increases too much, then they press on the surrounding organ or part.
When to see the doctor?
If you see any of the above symptoms or have doubts, then definitely get a checkup from the doctor.
Thyroid occurs because of this
Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone. It is also caused by problems in the thyroid gland and pituitary gland.
Hyperthyroidism: Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone.
These reasons increase the chances of getting thyroid
The information given here is not a substitute for any medical advice. Always take the advice of your doctor.
The doctor can know the level of thyroid hormone by doing a blood test. With this, the thyroid is easily detected. Apart from this, many types of scans are also done, which can also detect thyroid lump or cancer.
Thyroid Causes of
There can be many reasons for thyroid. These include:
- If you have had thyroid before
- Even if there is a goiter, the risk of it increases.
- The risk of getting thyroid increases even after one age. It can happen if you are over 30 years old.
- Having type 1 diabetes or any other autoimmune disorder.
- Miscarriage, premature birth or infertility can also cause thyroid problems.
- Having a family medical history of autoimmune thyroid
- Type 2 diabetes can also become a cause of thyroid
- Women are more at risk
- Bad eating habits, such as fried foods
- Excessive consumption of junk food and foods made from refined flour
- increasing weight or obesity
This is how thyroid treatment is done
The treatment of thyroid is usually with the help of medicines and sometimes surgery. Treatment depends on the type of thyroid.
In case of hypothyroidism, the decreased hormones are compensated through medicines. Whereas in case of hyperthyroidism, medicines are given to reduce the level of hormones. Apart from this, some other medicines are given in hyperthyroidism to reduce its other symptoms.
Sometimes surgery is used to remove lumps etc. in the thyroid gland. Surgery becomes necessary when there is a possibility of cancer. In such cases, the entire thyroid gland is also removed and the patient has to spend the rest of his life on thyroid pills.
Can thyroid be prevented? (How to cure from Thyroid)
We have mentioned above the main three types of thyroids, which include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism and thyroid cancer. It is difficult to prevent all three types of thyroids, as there is no authentic information about their exact cause yet, but genetic and hormonal factors are still believed to be the cause. To avoid which can be avoided by avoiding stress, smoking, alcohol, excessive exposure to any kind of radiation, etc., and by consuming iodine and a balanced diet. In addition, lifestyle changes can be made to control it.
These lifestyle changes will save you from thyroid
Eat a balanced and nutritious diet. Eat a diet that is low in quantity and high in nutrition. This will reduce the load on your digestive system and keep your hormones balanced.
Exercise and control weight. This will maintain your fitness and will not increase body fat, which causes thyroid.
Stop taking stress. Stress can make the thyroid worse.
Have a good sleep. Sleep and wake up at the same time. This will maintain your hormonal balance.
Keep your bedroom cool. The temperature of 23 to 26 degree Celsius is best suited for sleeping. If you sleep well then you will get rid of its symptoms soon.
Interesting facts about thyroid
The weight of this gland is 10 to 20 grams. It is mainly composed of follicles or small holes, which are filled with colloids. It contains a gel-like substance composed mostly of proteins, called thyroglobulins. Men have a larger thyroid gland than women.
How Thyroid Hormone is Made
It is the only part of the body that uses iodine from the diet. Seafood, dairy, kelp, seaweed and iodized salt are high in iodine. When iodine binds to colloidal thyroglobulin, the iodized portions undergo a chemical change that creates the two major thyroid hormones, T4 and T3. T4 and T3 get into the bloodstream, from where they circulate to all organs and do their job.
Thyroid problems are common in women
Most of the women go through this problem. There are a variety of diseases that affect thyroid hormones, but the most common is hypothyroidism. Hypothyroid is more in the body of women. In this, the thyroid gland is not able to make hormones properly and with increasing obesity, many processes of the body slow down.
Thyroid medicines can be harmful
Having too much T4 in its medicines can cause a person’s heartbeat to become abnormal. Because of this, it can lead to high blood pressure and even heart failure. For many people, these medicines can cause anxiety, sleeplessness, lack of exercise and increased heart rate, such problems can occur.
How to Check Thyroids
The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists has given the following information about thyroid screening and its indications:
Use the mirror to check your thyroid at the bottom of your neck, above your collarbone, and below your sound box. Take a sip of water with your head back and spread it on the area. If you notice any, inform your doctor. You may have a thyroid nodule or an enlarged thyroid (a sign of hypo or hyperthyroidism).
If you have recently been diagnosed with thyroid, it is important to know how you can make it simple, safe and effective. Most of the treatment is done with supplements, these medicines help to increase or decrease your thyroid hormone levels.
Your doctor will listen to your symptoms, ask you some questions, and examine your neck. You will be asked about the activity of your thyroid gland. A single blood test will usually confirm the diagnosis, but sometimes other tests may be needed. Contact your doctor for more information about this disease.